American Battlefield & Remembrance Tours
Spirit of Remembrance - Opening the Gates of History


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The Origin of the Poppy

About Us - Who is Spirit of Remembrance

"Tailor Made" Tours

 New! Platinum Luxury Battlefield Tours

New! Harley-Davidson Battlefield Tours

New! 'Bike the Battlefields' (Bicycle Tours)

WW1 - Escadrille de Lafayette

WW1: 'Harlem Hellfighters'

WW1: American Expeditionary Force

WW1: World War 1 Tours

WW1: Alvin (Sergeant) York

WW1: Meuse-Argonne Cemetery

US World War 1 Centennial Commission

 World War 2- 2019 75th Anniversary D-Day

World War 2 - ETO - European Theatre

 World War 2- Africa & Italy

World War 2: The Ardennes (Bulge)

World War 2: Audie Murphy

World War 2: USAAF 8th Air Force

Duxford WW2 Airbase England

World War 2: D-Day Tours

World War 2 Tours

WW2 - 70th Anniversary D-Day Pictures

The Cost and the Courage

The Cold War and Beyond

Medal of Honour

US Marine Corps

United States Marine Corps - World War 1 & World War 2

Wold War 1
Unlike the US Army, the US Marine Corps could draw on a deep pool of experienced officers and NCOs and therefore did not expand as rapidly as the Army. The Corps had entered the war with 511 officers and 13,214 enlisted personnel, and by 11 November 1918 had reached a strength of 2,400 officers and 70,000 men. 

It was in France that the Marines enhanced their already established reputation with actions like Belleau Wood. It was at the beginning of the attack that Gunnery Sergeant Major Dan Daly gave the Corps one of its iconic quotations. The "Gunny" - a recipient of two Medals of Honor and veteran of the Philippines, Santo Domingo, Haiti, Peking and Vera Cruz, urged the men of the 73rd Machine Gun company forward with the words: "Come on, you sons of bitches, do you want to live forever?
In a brutal battle that saw attack and counter attack U.S. forces suffered 9,777 casualties, included 1,811 killed. Many are buried in the neighbouring Aisne-Marne American Cemetery. There is no clear information on the number of Germans casualties, although 1,600 were taken prisoner.
The Marines' ferocity and toughness in WW1 earned them the respect of the Germans, who rated them as "Storm Troopers". The Marines and American media reported that the Germans had nicknamed them "Teufel Hunden" as meaning "Devil Dogs".  However like the story that in World War II a German officer had called the US 82nd Airborne Division "Devils in Baggy Pants" these nicknames have a long and unsubstantiated history.

World War 2
On the other side of the world to the WW2 European theatre the US Army had fought a heroic defence of the Philippines – invaded within days of the attack on Pearl Harbour. The long fight across the south west Pacific would see the US Marine Corps on its "island hopping" campaign liberating islands  - sometimes tiny atolls – held by suicidally determined Japanese defenders.

On the Philippines the US Army would live up to General MacArthur's promise and return to liberate the islands. The war against Japan would finally end on September 2, 1945 with the formal surrender in Tokyo Bay four months after the end of the war in Europe.

US Marine Corps  casualties in WW2 (including killed in action, wounded and missing) are estimated as 91,620. In the Pacific, fighting against the entrenched and heavily fortified Japanese positions on each island was was bloody and extremely vicious.

According to the official Navy Department Library website, "The 36-day (Iwo Jima) battle resulted in more than 26,000 American casualties, including 6,800 dead. "By comparison, the much larger scale 82-day Battle for Okinawa lasting from early April until mid-June 1945 and U.S. (5 Army and 2 Marine Corps Divisions) resulted in casualties of over 62,000 of whom over 12,000 were killed or missing." Iwo Jima was also the only U.S. Marine battle where the American casualties exceeded the Japanese.

Marines in WW1 at battle of Belleau Wood

92nd Anniversary of Battle of Belleau Wood

 Our other Spirit of Remembrance Battlefield & Remembrance Websites:

 Platinum Battlefield  ToursBattlefield Tours UK: Battlefield Tours Canada: Battlefield Tours New Zealand: Battlefield Tours Australia: Anzac Day Australia: Spirit of Paris